Charminar : The Pride of Hyderabad
In the heart of the Old City stands Hyderabad’s signature milestone, Charminar. It was built in 1591 by King Muhammad Kuli Qutb Shah, the fifth leader of the Qutb Shahi dynasty and furthermore founder of the city of Hyderabad in 1591-92 A.D. Covered with four taking off minarets and holding the city’s unique mosque on its rooftop, the Charminar has been the masterpiece of the city since development was done in 1612 A.D. There are different speculations with respect to the reason for which the Charminar was built. As per one legend, the area denotes where Qutb Shah previously saw his darling, the excellent Hindu artist Bhagmati. Another story says he fabricated it to praise the establishing of Hyderabad. In any case, it is broadly acknowledged that the Charminar was worked at the focal point of the city to remember the annihilation of a lethal plague pestilence brought about by Golconda’s water lack.
The Charminar was built on the crossing point of the verifiable shipping lane that associates the business sectors of the Golconda with the port city of Masulipatnam. Mir Momin Astarabadi, Qutb Shah’s head administrator, assumed a main part in setting up the design plan for the Charminar alongside that of the new capital city, Hyderabad. The city was planned keeping Charminar as a focal point. The city was spread around the Charminar in four distinct quadrants and loads. Extra prominent modelers from Persia were likewise welcomed to build up the city plan. The actual construction was planned to fill in as a Mosque and Madrasa (Islamic school of learning). The landmark is made of stone, limestone, mortar and pummeled marble. It is of Indo-Islamic engineering style, fusing Persian structural components.
As per legends, there is an underground tunnel built to connect the Golconda Fort, which was the former capital of Quli Qutb Shah to Charminar. It is believed that the king built the tunnel as an escape route in case of any siege. The location of the tunnel is still a mystery.
The historical age of this landmark is over 450 years, which makes Charminar probably the most established landmark in India. However this landmark is as yet standing tall on the whole its greatness; all hail to those exceptionally old craftsmanship.
Some Interesting Facts about Charminar
- The four stories of each minaret is marked by carved ring which is visible from outside.
- To get to the top floor one has to climb 149 flights of steps. All the four minarets are enclosed by 149 flights of steps.
- Each side of the Minar has a giant arch, which is 11 m wide and 20 m high, measuring from the summit to the plinth.
- Each arch also has a clock, which was installed in 1889.
- The Charminar is a monument built with granite and lime mortar in Cazia style of architecture.
- Within Charminar there lies two one over another.
- Along with a stone balcony there is a terrace above the two galleries which acts like a roof.
- The main gallery of the Minar has 45 covered prayer spaces. Just in front, there is a large open space to accommodate more people for prayers on Fridays.
- The building acquired it’s fame because of the four minarets.
- These four minarets symbolize and honor Islam’s 1st four Khalifas.
- The mosque actually occupies the top most floor of the monument.
- The minarets are actually the four storey structures.
- It is also said that there is an underground tunnel that links the charminar to Golconda Fort, which was the former capital of Quli Qutb Shah, and provides an escape route to the royal family in case of an emergency. However the location of the secret tunnel is unknown
- Charminar is an exact square monument which is an ideal example of India’s architectural background. The structure of the monument is a perfect square where each of the side measures 20mtr and the two sides are connected with a tall minaret which is a 4 storey building with a height of 48.7 mtrs.
- The intricate carvings and moldings on the monument make Charminar a famous monument and a landmark of Hyderabad.
- Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah constructed this landmark in the year 1591.
- People say that it is the result of a secret promise made by Md. Quli Qutb to honor Allah.