Nalgonda is a city in Telangana, with a rich history and an equally intriguing cultural heritage. With its roots dating back to the Paleolithic Age, as evidenced by evidence excavated from Yeleswaram, Nalgonda also shows hints of Neolithic culture with the discovery of sling stones and other such objects.
The city gets its name from a combination of two Telugu words, ‘Nalla’ and ‘Konda,’ which mean ‘Black Hills’. In fact, today’s Nalgonda is a colourful blend of diverse religious cultures and traditions that reflect the city’s glorious past, which was once ruled by several Hindu and Muslim rulers at various times.
The city is also known for its strong political taste, which was primarily established during the reign of Mauryas; however, trade with the Roman Empire began during the reign of Satavahanas. Previously known as Neelagiri, Nalgonda is now blessed with the footprints of several great kingdoms and dynasties that called this place home.
History of Nalgonda
Nalgonda is a district in Telangana’s southern region. The name is derived from two Telugu words: Nalla (Black) and Konda (Hill). Nalgonda was known as Neelagiri by Rajput rulers before being renamed Nallagonda following the conquest by Bahamani king, Allauddin Bahaman Shah. The district covers a total area of 2,449.79 square kilometres.
Deverakonda Fort, now in ruins, was once a formidable fortress set among seven hills. Built in the 13th and 14th centuries, the fort was completely under the control of the Padma Nayaka Kings from 1287 AD to 1482 AD, repelling all attempts to conquer it. Though in ruins, the fort reveals much about the brave kings of the past.
Nagarjuna Sagar Dam
Telangana is known as the “Rice Bowl of India” because of the Nagarjuna Sagar Dam, which plays a key role in making the state’s lands fertile. The 124-meter-high dam is the world’s tallest masonry dam. This is also the third largest man-made lake in the world, and it took approximately 70,000 workers to complete the project. After being completed in 1969, the dam was put into service in 1972. The magnificent architecture involved in storing massive amounts of Krishna River water necessitates a visit to this location.
District Museum of Panagal
The Panagal District Heritage Museum is a historical museum in Panagal village, Nalgonda district, Telangana. It is close to Panagal village’s historic Chaya Someswara Swamy Temple. The Panagal Museum opened in February 1982. It is four kilometres from the town of Nalgonda. During the Kakatiya period, Panagal in Nalgonda was a religiously significant location. The temples here were built in honour of the Kakatiya rulers’ favourite deity, Shiva. The museum complex covers nearly 3 acres in total. Many sculptures, prehistoric tools, coins, bronzes, beads, arms and weapons, and copper plate inscriptions can be found here.The objects on display were discovered during excavations in Vardamana Kota, Yeleswaram, Phanigiri, and Panagal, and many of them were also acquired from the State Museum in Hyderabad. They date from the 2nd to the 18th centuries AD.